Comparative Negligence in Florida Dog Bite Cases: When Both Parties Share the Blame

Dogs, often referred to as “man’s best friend,” hold a special place in the hearts of many Florida residents. However, as with any animal, unpredictable situations can arise, leading to unfortunate incidents like dog bites. When dog bite cases are brought to court, one factor that can significantly affect the outcome is the concept of comparative negligence. What happens when both the dog owner and the bite victim share some responsibility for the incident? In this blog, we’ll explore the principle of comparative negligence in Florida dog bite cases and its implications for both parties involved.

The Basic Premise: Florida’s Dog Bite Law

Before diving into comparative negligence, it’s essential to understand Florida’s fundamental stance on dog bites. Florida follows a “strict liability” doctrine for dog bites, meaning that a dog owner can be held liable if their dog bites someone, even if the owner had no prior knowledge that the dog might be aggressive. However, there are nuances and exceptions, one of which is the concept of comparative negligence.

What is Comparative Negligence?

Comparative negligence, sometimes called comparative fault, refers to a situation where more than one party shares blame for an incident. In the context of dog bite cases, it means that while the dog might have been the direct cause of an injury, the injured party might also have played a role in provoking or escalating the situation.

How Does Comparative Negligence Impact Dog Bite Cases?

When both parties share blame, the compensation awarded to the injured party might be reduced based on their degree of fault. Here’s a simplified breakdown:

  • Determining the Percentage of Fault: During the trial or negotiations, both parties will present evidence. The judge or jury will then assign each party a percentage of fault.
  • Adjusting the Compensation: Based on the determined fault percentages, the compensation awarded to the injured party will be reduced. For example, if the victim is found to be 20% at fault and the total compensation was initially $10,000, they would receive $8,000 after a 20% reduction.

Scenarios of Shared Blame

Common situations where the injured party might share some blame include:

  • Provoking the dog through teasing, hitting, or aggressive behavior.
  • Ignoring clear warning signs like growling or bared teeth.
  • Entering a property without permission or disregarding “Beware of Dog” signs.


While Florida’s dog bite law leans towards strict liability, it’s essential to understand how comparative negligence can influence the outcome of a case. Dog bite incidents can be traumatic, but they often present a more multifaceted picture than initially meets the eye.

If you or someone you know is involved in a dog bite case:

  • Document the incident meticulously, including any interactions leading up to the bite.
  • Seek medical attention for the injury.
  • Consult with an experienced attorney who understands the intricacies of Florida’s dog bite laws and comparative negligence.

Understanding your rights and responsibilities can make all the difference in ensuring a fair and just resolution for all parties involved.